Eczema is a chronic skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is characterized by dry, itchy, and inflamed skin.
This condition typically begins in childhood but can persist into adulthood. Eczema is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, including a compromised skin barrier function and an overactive immune response.
The symptoms of eczema can vary from mild to severe and may include:
- Dry and sensitive skin: The skin is often excessively dry, making it prone to irritation and further complications.
- Itching: Intense itching is a hallmark of eczema and can be a significant source of discomfort.
- Inflammation and redness: The affected skin may become inflamed, red, and swollen, especially during flare-ups.
- Rash or patches: Eczema can cause the appearance of red, scaly patches or small raised bumps on the skin.
- Crusting and oozing: In severe cases, eczema lesions may develop crusts or ooze clear fluid.
Triggers for eczema flare-ups can vary from person to person and may include exposure to irritants (such as soaps, detergents, or certain fabrics), allergens (such as dust mites, pet dander, or pollen), temperature changes, stress, and hormonal fluctuations.
While there is no known cure for eczema, it can be effectively managed with the help of dermatological care. Treatment approaches aim to alleviate symptoms, reduce inflammation, and restore the skin’s barrier function. These may include:
- Moisturizers: Regularly applying moisturizers helps hydrate the skin and reduce dryness.
- Topical corticosteroids: These medications are prescribed to reduce inflammation and relieve itching.
- Topical calcineurin inhibitors: Non-steroidal creams or ointments that help manage eczema symptoms.
- Antihistamines: Oral antihistamines may be recommended to help alleviate itching and promote better sleep.
- Avoiding triggers: Identifying and avoiding triggers that worsen eczema symptoms is an essential part of management.
- Systemic treatments such as steroids, immunosuppressants, biologic medications as well as immune modulating medications.
Our experienced dermatologists are dedicated to providing comprehensive care and tailored treatment plans for individuals with eczema. We focus on educating patients about triggers, lifestyle modifications, and proper skincare routines to help them effectively manage their condition and improve their quality of life.
If you or your loved ones are struggling with eczema, we encourage you to schedule a consultation with our dermatologist in Willow Grove, PA who can provide personalized guidance and support throughout your eczema journey.
Patient resources: https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/eczema